- Botanical Name: Eugenia caryophyllata [synonym of Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L.M. Perry]
- Origin: Sri Lanka or Madagascar (see COA for lot specific origin)
- Extraction Process: Steam Distilled Essential Oil
- Plant Part: Fruits
- Cultivation: Conventional
- Use: Aromatherapy / Natural Perfumery. Always dilute.
- Note: Middle Note
- Aroma Family: Spicy
- Aroma: Rich, warm, sweet-spicy, eugenolic aroma.
- Contraindications: Drug interaction, skin sensitization and others; please see important Safety Considerations below.
Clove Bud Essential Oil
Our Clove Bud essential oil has a rich, warm, sweet-spicy, and eugenolic aroma. It is commonly used in Carnation and spicy perfumes and, in trace amounts, for imparting richness to almost any perfume.1 Genuine Clove Bud oil may be easily adulterated or extended with the abundant Clove leaf or stem oils that display little complexity in comparison.
Clove Bud oil is dominated by eugenol, an important constituent used in the preservation of foods, particularly when the growth of organisms is a safety concern.2 Eugenol is also an important molecule for modern dentistry that is still found in pharmaceuticals today for toothache and gum complaints.3 Clove Bud also contains 14% beta-caryophyllene, recently discovered to be a cannabinoid responsible for specific interaction with the CB(2) receptor, and thus has potential therapeutic value when swelling and associated discomfort arise.4
Topically, in very small percentages, Clove Bud lends a warming appeal in massage oils to combat the chill of winter and is wonderful in the diffuser, especially with Orange, to clear airborne microbes.
For information regarding the aromatherapeutic attributes of Clove Bud essential oil, please see:
- L’Aromathérapie Exactement, Pierre Franchomme and Dr. Daniel Pénoël, 1990, p. 353.
- Medical Aromatherapy – Healing with Essential Oils, Kurt Schnaubelt, 1999, pp. 215-6.
- Advanced Aromatherapy – The Science of Essential Oil Therapy, Kurt Schnaubelt, 1998, pp. 65, 111, 114.
- Essential Oils – A Handbook for Aromatherapy Practice, Jennifer Peace Rhind, 2012, pp. 196-7, 287.
- Aromatherapeutic Blending – Essential Oils in Synergy, Jennifer Peace Rhind, 2016, pp. 85, 99, 111,127, 206-7.
- Aromatherapy for Health Professionals, 2nd ed., Shirley and Len Price, 1999, p. 346.
- "Microbicide activity of clove essential oil (Eugenia caryophyllata)," L Nuñez and M D’Aquino, Braz J Microbiol, Oct-Dec 2012, 43(4): 1255-1260, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3769004/
- "Antimicrobial activity of clove oil dispersed in a concentrated sugar solution," J Briozzo, L Nuñez, et al., J Appl Bacteriol, January 1989, 66(1): 69-75, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2542213
- "Eugenia caryophyllata," [author(s) unknown], online article at Global Information Hub on Integrated Medicine, http://www.globinmed.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=82794:eugenia-caryophyllus&catid=819:e
- “Comparison of Antimicrobial Activities of Clove Oil & Its Extract on Some Food Borne Microbes,” C Gupta, A Garg, et al., The Internet Journal of Microbiology, 7(1), 7 pp., https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/1ee7/1b79d1896432c291b39e45c2661f9a6c03f7.pdf
Aromatic Profile: Rich, warm, sweet-spicy, eugenolic aroma.
Appearance: Pale yellow, transparent, mobile liquid.
Use: Aromatherapy, Natural Perfumery.
Blending Suggestions: Highly dilute and add drop by drop to your blends until the desired effect is achieved. Approximately 1 drop per 1 fluid oz (30 ml) of carrier (vegetal) oil is considered an appropriate dilution for safe topical application. Please see Safety Considerations below for more information.
Blends Well With: Allspice, Basil, Benzoin, Bergamot, Black Pepper, Cardamom, Carnation, Chamomile (Roman), Cinnamon, Cistus, Clary Sage, Elemi, Fennel, Geranium, Ginger, Grapefruit, Jasmine, Lavandin, Lavender, Lemon, Lemongrass, Litsea Cubeba, Myrtle, Niaouli, Nutmeg, Orange, Oregano, Palmarosa, Peppermint, Ravensara, Rose, Rosemary, Tangerine, Thyme, Vanilla, Ylang Ylang. “In rose, honeysuckle and certain deep-sweet florals, [trace amounts of] Clove Bud oil lends a unique note of natural richness and body…; the oil blends excellently with ylang ylang and cananga oils, and Oriental types of perfumes often contain significant amounts of Clove Bud Oil.”5
Safety Considerations: Drug interaction, may inhibit blood clotting, embryotoxic, moderate risk of skin sensitization, mucous membrane irritant (moderate risk); avoid in cases of major surgery, peptic ulcer, hemophilia or other bleeding disorders, and on children less than 2 years of age.6 In addition, we recommend avoiding use during pregnancy. A maximum dermal use level of 0.5% is recommended based on eugenol content.7 Highly dilute before using (see Blending Suggestions above). A patch test should be performed before use for those with sensitive skin.
1 Curtis, Tony and David G. Williams. An Introduction to Perfumery, 2nd ed., 2009, p. 251.
5 Arctander, Steffen. Perfume and Flavor Materials of Natural Origin, 1960, pp. 180-1.
6 Tisserand, Robert and Rodney Young. Essential Oil Safety, 2nd ed., 2014, p. 255.
The FDA has not evaluated the statements on this website. No claims are made by Eden Botanicals as to the medicinal value of any products from Eden Botanicals. The information presented here is for educating our customers about the traditional uses of essential oils and is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. You are responsible for understanding the safe application of these products. If you have any questions, please call or email us for further information.